DNA is the genetic material that defines every cell. Before a cell duplicates and is divided into new daughter cells through either mitosis or meiosis , biomolecules and organelles must be copied to be distributed among the cells. DNA, found within the nucleus , must be replicated in order to ensure that each new cell receives the correct number of chromosomes. Replication follows several steps that involve multiple proteins called replication enzymes and RNA. In eukaryotic cells, such as animal cells and plant cells , DNA replication occurs in the S phase of interphase during the cell cycle.
As the DNA is unwound, this creates a replication fork. The relationship between codons and amino acids is known as the genetic code where it defines how sequences of codons specify which amino acid will be added next. Ribosomes are large structures within the cytoplasm that house the translation process and catalyze some of its steps. Each ribosome contains 3 binding sites known as the A,…. Transcription is making RNA part of a gene sequence.