Ethnology : the comparative and analytical study of cultures; cultural anthropology. Anthropologists aim to describe and interpret aspects of the culture of various social groups--e. Topics of particular interest include religious beliefs, linguistic practices, kinship arrangements, marriage patterns, farming technology, dietary practices, gender relations, and power relations. Cultural anthropology is generally conceived as an empirical science, and this raises several methodological and conceptual difficulties.
How to Write An Ethnography Paper: A Detailed Guide with an Outline
Ethnography & Ethnology | Cultural Anthropology
Paulson — All rights reserved. It was designed to elicit information regarding the ties or disjunctions between worship and daily life. Throughout this guide, written in the first person, you will notice a series of category headings for ethnographic elements as well as interview elements that Spradley defined in his book, The Ethnographic Interview Fort Worth: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich College Publishers, This is a format is able to be employed, with adequate preparation, by pastors and peers in local congregations. Following is a guide of explanations and questions that was developed and used for interviews in a doctoral project. At the start of every interview there was a brief explanation about the nature of the interview and the research in which I was engaged. The explanation was comprised of a variety of ethnographic elements that were defined by James Spradley.
The term ethnography has come to be equated with virtually any qualitative research project where the intent is to provide a detailed, in-depth description of everyday life and practice. This is sometimes referred to as "thick description" -- a term attributed to the anthropologist Clifford Geertz writing on the idea of an interpretive theory of culture in the early s e. The use of the term "qualitative" is meant to distinguish this kind of social science research from more "quantitative" or statistically oriented research. The two approaches, i. While an ethnographic approach to social research is no longer purely that of the cultural anthropologist, a more precise definition must be rooted in ethnography's disciplinary home of anthropology.
Ethnography and ethnology show differences between them when it comes to their subject matter. Both, ethnography and ethnology, are natural sciences. They are the two minor branches of anthropology or the study of the history of man. Ethnography deals with the procedures carried out in any society. It deals with the study of procedures such as marriages, weddings, cremation procedures, burial procedures, and the like.