The Importance of Culture | Essay Sample by lesexpertscomptables.info
Human security is an emerging paradigm for understanding global vulnerabilities whose proponents challenge the traditional notion of national security through military security by arguing that the proper referent for security should be at the human rather than national level. Human security reveals a people-centred and multi-disciplinary understanding of security which involves a number of research fields, including development studies , international relations , strategic studies, and human rights [ clarification needed ]. The United Nations Development Programme 's Human Development Report is considered a milestone publication in the field of human security, with its argument that ensuring " freedom from want " and " freedom from fear " for all persons is the best path to tackle the problem of global insecurity. Critics of the concept argue that its vagueness undermines its effectiveness, that it has become little more than a vehicle for activists wishing to promote certain causes, and that it does not help the research community understand what security means or help decision makers to formulate good policies. Thus understood, human security would no longer be the vague amorphous add-on to harder edged areas of security such as military security or state security. In order for human security to challenge global inequalities, there has to be cooperation between a country's foreign policy and its approach to global health.
The Central American conflicts, although having endogenous roots of poverty, repression and social inequity, were fuelled by the Cold War. Incidentally, the first US military assistance for El Salvador was sent during the last months of the Carter Administration. In Nicaragua, forces of the leftist Sandinista government fought rightist irregular armed forced explicitly supported by the US government. Honduras played the role of military base for the armed forces supported by the United States government and in Guatemala the armed internal strife was reaching unforeseen and bloody stages.
It revolves around developing constructive personal, group, and political relationships across ethnic , religious , class , national , and racial boundaries. This process includes violence prevention ; conflict management , resolution , or transformation ; and post-conflict reconciliation or trauma healing, i. As such, peacebuilding is a multidisciplinary , cross-sector technique or method which becomes strategic when it works over the long run and at all levels of society to establish and sustain relationships among people locally and globally—thus engendering sustainable peace. The methods included in peacebuilding vary depending on the situation and the agent of peacebuilding.